自上料混凝土攪拌罐車正確操作的六部歸納法

 來源:http://www.imagefactorybelize.com 日期:2022-11-10 發布人:jufeng
自動上料攪拌車的正確操作方法的“六步歸納”
"Six step induction" of correct operation method of automatic feeding mixer
自動上料攪拌車柔性正確操作方法可以歸納為:一輕、二穩、三離、四勤、五協調、六嚴禁。
The correct flexible operation methods of the automatic feeding mixer can be summarized as follows: one light, two stable, three separated, four diligent, five coordinated and six forbidden.
自動上料攪拌車的正確操作方法的“六步歸納”
"Six step induction" of correct operation method of automatic feeding mixer
一輕:
One light:
在自動上料攪拌車作業時腳跟緊抵駕駛室地板,腳板和油門踏板保持平行,輕緩地下壓加油踏板。
During the operation of the automatic feeding mixer, the heel is firmly against the cab floor, the foot plate is parallel to the accelerator pedal, and gently press the refueling pedal.
二穩:
Bistable:
自動上料攪拌車在作業中,油門始終要穩住。一般作業狀態下,油門開度在70%左右為宜。
During the operation of the automatic feeding mixer, the accelerator should always be stable. In general operation state, the throttle opening should be about 70%.
三離:
Three Departures:
在自動上料攪拌車作業時,腳板應和制動踏板分離開,平放到駕駛室地板上,決不能踩在制動踏板上。自動上料攪拌車常常在凹凸不平的工地作業,如果腳總是踩在制動踏板上,機身上下竄動會造成駕駛員不輕意地踩制動踏板。一般情況下,要用控制油門減速的辦法控制機況和換擋。這樣既避免了頻繁制動造成制動系統過熱,又為自動上料攪拌車快捷的提速帶來方便。
During the operation of the automatic feeding mixer, the foot plate shall be separated from the brake pedal and placed flat on the cab floor. Never step on the brake pedal. The automatic feeding mixer often works on uneven construction sites. If the foot always steps on the brake pedal, the body will move up and down, causing the driver to step on the brake pedal carelessly. In general, the engine condition and gear shifting shall be controlled by controlling the throttle deceleration. This not only avoids overheating of the braking system caused by frequent braking, but also brings convenience for fast speed increase of the automatic feeding mixer.
自動上料攪拌車的正確操作方法的“六步歸納”
"Six step induction" of correct operation method of automatic feeding mixer
四勤:
Four attendance:
在自動上料攪拌車作業時,特別是在鏟挖作業時,應在油門穩定情況下,用循環扳動起升和轉斗操縱桿的方法使鏟斗鏟滿物料。起升和轉斗操縱杠的循環扳動就是所說的“勤”。這個過程非常重要,對耗油量的影響很大。
During the operation of the automatic feeding mixer, especially the shoveling operation, the bucket shall be filled with materials by cyclically pulling the lifting and bucket turning control levers under the condition of stable accelerator. The cyclic pulling of the lifting and bucket turning control levers is called "diligence". This process is very important and has a great impact on fuel consumption.

五協調:
V. Coordination:
協調就是起升和轉斗操縱杠有機的配合。自動上料攪拌車一般的鏟挖過程首先是將鏟斗平放在地面,平穩地駛向料堆。在鏟斗平行鏟往料堆遇阻力時,首先應遵循先起臂后收斗的原則。這樣可更好地避免鏟斗底部受到阻力,從而能夠充分發揮更大的掘起力。
Coordination is the organic cooperation between the lifting and bucket control rods. The general shovel digging process of the automatic loading mixer is to place the bucket flat on the ground and drive steadily to the material pile. When the bucket is parallel to the material pile and encounters resistance, the principle of lifting the boom first and then retracting the bucket shall be followed. In this way, the bucket bottom can be better protected from resistance, so that greater digging force can be fully exerted.
自動上料攪拌車的正確操作方法的“六步歸納”
"Six step induction" of correct operation method of automatic feeding mixer
六嚴禁:
VI. Prohibitions:
首先是嚴禁輪胎打滑。自動上料攪拌車作業時,遇阻力而猛加油門往往會出現輪胎打滑的現象。這種現象通常是由于駕駛員操作不當造成的,既增加了油耗又損傷了輪胎。
First of all, it is forbidden to slip the tires. During the operation of the automatic feeding mixer, when encountering resistance, the fuel valve will often slip. This phenomenon is usually caused by the driver's improper operation, which increases fuel consumption and damages the tire.
其次是嚴禁后輪翹起。由于自動上料攪拌車的掘起力大,駕駛員通常在鏟挖堅實的原土和石料山等作業過程中,如果操作不當就容易出現兩后輪翹起離地現象。這種翹起動作的落地慣性,會造成鏟斗的刃板斷裂、鏟斗變形;后輪翹起很高時還容易引起前后機架等結構的焊接處開裂,甚至板材斷裂等。
Secondly, it is forbidden to tilt the rear wheel. Due to the large digging force of the automatic feeding mixer, the driver is usually prone to the phenomenon of two rear wheels tilting off the ground if he/she does not operate properly in the process of digging solid original soil and stone hill. The landing inertia of the lifting action will cause the blade of the bucket to break and the bucket to deform; When the rear wheel is cocked up very high, it is also easy to cause cracks at the welding points of the front and rear frames and other structures, or even plate fractures.
第三是嚴禁撞擊料堆。鏟挖普通物料,自動上料攪拌車可以用II檔作業,嚴禁以II檔以上的檔位向料堆進行慣性沖擊。正確的方法應該是鏟斗在接近料堆時適時地把檔位轉換為I檔完成一個鏟料過程。
Third, it is strictly prohibited to impact the material pile. For shoveling and digging ordinary materials, the automatic feeding mixer can operate with gear II. Inertial impact to the material pile with gear above gear II is strictly prohibited. The correct method should be to change the gear to gear I timely when the bucket is approaching the pile to complete a shoveling process.